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Lima

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City of Kings

Lima, the Pearl of the Pacific and three times crowned Villa, is a city in constant growth.

Mix of modernity and tradition, the Peruvian capital, today is the product of a rich fusion of cultures and customs that reflect the idiosyncrasies of the citizens of the various regions that make up Peru, and those foreigners settled in our country.

The Peruvian capital, is home to more than 7 and a half million inhabitants according to 2009 data from the INEI, concentrating almost two-thirds of economic and industrial activity in Peru.

The City of Kings is full of magic and color. Thanks to its historical legacy was declared Cultural Patrimony of Humanity by UNESCO and today is making strides to become a modern and cosmopolitan city.

In Lima concentrate all races, creeds, customs and history of Peru, that give this city a cosmopolitan character.

 

Tourist Attractions

Formidable walled city of archaeological, historical and artistic, has maintained its rich historical center through the years, so has an important collection of colonial architecture.

The Colonial Zone is comprised of the Checkerboard of Pizarro, Barrios Altos, part of Monserrate, fencing and Rimac. The Checkerboard of Pizarro historians call the founding of the city layout, which is within its present limits by the Rimac river to the north, east Abancay Avenue, Avenue Nicolas de Pierola (ex Beehive) to the south and west Tacna Avenue .

In this area, the oldest and most central city, urban design maintains the classic Spanish style of perpendicular streets and avenues are homogeneous blocks square, which houses the main historical monuments of the city.

  • Plaza de Armas de Lima
  • Cathedral of Lima
  • Government Palace
  • Municipal Palace
  • Church and convent of San Francisco
  • Cementerio General Presbítero Matías Maestro
  • Iglesia y Convento de la Merced
  • Iglesia y Convento de Santo Domingo
  • Casa Aliaga
  • Museo Arqueológico Josefina Ramos de Cox del Instituto Riva Ag‚àö¬∫ero.
  • Museo de la Inquisición del Congreso
  • Iglesia de San Pedro
  • Palacio de Torre Tagle
  • Museo de Banco central de Reserva del Perú
  • Pachacamac

Lima was founded on January 18, 1535 by the conquistador Francisco Pizarro. He was considered for almost three centuries, as the Colonial Capital of South America. In 1821, became capital of independent Peru, during the first decades of republican life was the scene of clashes between different political leaders.

With the advent of the twentieth century, Lima was modernized and brought up, trying to catch up with the great capitals of the world. In 2002 the department of Lima is divided into Region and Metropolitan Lima Lima, Peru's capital

However, if we go back to 10 000 BC, Lima had already been occupied by groups of hunters and nomads who roamed the valleys and shores of the Rimac River in search of animals, shellfish and fish which feed on. By the second century A.D. Lima culture gained great strength in the area.

In the eighth century D.C. Wari influence land arrived in Lima and in 1100 resurfaced DC local power and prestige acquired two areas: Chancay culture of prodigious weavers, and Pachacamac, ceremonial center of unquestionable prestige in the Andes.

Source Name

Although the origin of the name remains a mystery, there are many versions. Lima come from "Limac - Limac" or "Limac - Huayta," the name of a yellow flower that was used to accelerate speech in children. ("Archaeology in Lima" - Author: Pedro Villar Córdova).

According to Garcilaso de la Vega, the place name Lima is a degeneration of the word "Rimac" in Castilian means "speech," referring to an oracle highly revered by the Indians and, by extension, was named to all the valley and its river.

Guillermo Lohmann Villena says that the name is Lima Quechua or Aymara or derived from the Rimac River. According to him, is a local language word preinca: Ishma or primitive name of the idol of Pachacamac.

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